Team members: Lauren Wolf, Tracey Golledge
York Girl Scouts: Mary Val, Jamie, Nicole, Elizabeth
Long Beach, or Long Sands Beach, is approximately 10
miles north of the New Hampshire border and is one of the most southern
beaches in Maine. It is a 2180 m fringing beach (Nelson and Fink,
1980) with a straight shoreline generally oriented northeast-southwest.
Cape Neddick bounds the beach to the north, while Cow Beach Point creates
the southern border. York Harbor, also located to the south of Long
Sands, serves as an important shipping port for the region.
Because of the level of development in this area, there
are few natural components of a beach remaining (Kelley et al., 1989).
The lack of sand dunes makes the seawall the only protection for property
during storms. After the February 1978 storm surge, a long-time resident
and town official reported that large diameter culverts that drain onto
the “low-tide terrace” of the beach were completely covered by sand.
This suggests the beach receives constructional refracted swells during
certain stages of northeast storms (Nelson, 1979).
Long Sands Beach is highly developed with a seawall
protecting the roads and property along the entire length of the beach.
There has been a road running along the high water line since as early
as 1854 (Nelson, 1979). The beach is located along Coastal Route
1A and is one of the state’s major tourist attractions during the summer
because of its prime location.
At the southern end of Long Sands Beach, a mobile home
park sits on top of a stabilized bluff of glacial gravel. This eliminates
a source of sand to the beach (Kelley et al., 1989).
Dickson, S.M., in press, Beach and Dune Geology, Long Beach, Railraod Ave Exit, York, Maine, Maine Geological Survey Open-File Report (Photo 1-8).
Kelley, J.T., Kelley, A.R. and Pilkey, O.H., sr., 1989, Living With the Coast of Maine, Duke University Press, Durham, NC, 174 p.
Nelson, B.W., 1979, Shoreline Changes and Physiography of Maine’s Sandy Coastal Beaches [Unpublished M.S. thesis]: University of Maine, 303 p.
Nelson, B.W. and Fink, L.K., Jr., 1980, Geological
and Botanical Features of Sand Beach Systems in Maine: Maine Critical Areas
Program, Maine State Planning Office Planning Report No. 54, 269 p.